Plastic bag bans and fees

Many jurisdictions (cities, states and countries) have enacted fees or bans on various forms of plastic. Bans on single use plastic bags and plastic water bottles are common. StopPlastics has prepared a list of jurisdictions with bans or fees and updates it on a regular basis.

 

AFRICA, BOTSWANA, Country-wide, Fee
Botswana established a minimum thickness for bags and mandated that retailers apply a minimum levy to thicker bags, which would be used to support government environmental projects. Many retailers charged more than the minimum tax, and prices fluctuated over time. A study of four retail chains 18 months after implementation of the charge showed that bag use fell by half.

 

AFRICA, CAMEROON, Country-wide, Ban
In 2013, the government of Cameroon launched a campaign against plastic bag and banned them in 2014.

 

AFRICA, CHAD, Country-wide, Ban
“At first we often forgot to come to the market with our own bags, but now we’re used to it.”

 

AFRICA, CONGO, Country-wide , Ban
In 2011, the government announced a ban on plastic bags, but did not announce when it would take effect.

 

AFRICA, COTE D'IVOIRE, Country-wide, Pending Ban
A ban on non-biodegradable plastic bags that was expected to come into effect in November 2013 was delayed due to opposition from the plastics industry. The law includes plastics used for bags of drinking water.

 

AFRICA, EGYPT, Hurghada, Ban
In 2009, Hurghada, a city on the Red Sea, banned plastic bags.

 

AFRICA, ERITREA, Country-wide, Ban

 

AFRICA, ETHIOPIA, Country-wide, Ban
In 2011, Ethiopia passed a ban preventing the manufacture and import of disposable (aka single use) plastic shopping bags.

 

AFRICA, GUINEA-BISSAU, Country-wide, Ban

 

AFRICA, KENYA, Country-wide, Partial
In 2007, Kenya banned the manufacture and import of thin plastic bags, yet the ban was not enforced. In 2011, the use of thin bags was banned and a tax was imposed on thicker bags, yet neither the tax nor the ban has been well enforced.

 

AFRICA, MALAWI, Country-wide , Ban
The ban, according to a press release issued by the Ministry of Energy, Mining and Natural Resources – among other things, prohibits manufacturing and importation of plastic carrier bags, alcohol sachets and plastic papers used in secondary packaging or wrapping with a thickness of less than 60 microns.

 

AFRICA, MALI, Country-wide, Ban
Mali’s environment ministry described plastic bags as a “disastrous scourge” and “a menace to public health”.

 

AFRICA, MAURITANIA, Country-wide, Ban
Mauritania banned the use, manufacture and import of plastic bags from January 2013 as a way to protect the environment, livestock, and marine species

 

AFRICA, MOROCCO, Country-wide, Ban
Morocco is (or was) the world's second largest consumer of plastic bags after the U.S.. Their ban is pretty comprehensive, it includes a stop on the production, import, sale and distribution of plastic bags, prompting a major rush on plastic bag stockpiling just before coming into effect.

 

AFRICA, NIGER, Country-wide, Ban
Niger: Govt. bans production, import, trade, use of plastic bags

 

AFRICA, NIGERIA, Country-wide, Ban
In 2013, Nigeria announced a ban on plastic bags to begin in 2014, which includes both plastic shopping bags and plastic sachets of drinking water.

 

AFRICA, RWANDA, Country-wide, Ban
The country, which has had a ban on plastic bags for years, has a reputation for being one of the cleanest nations not only on the continent, but in the world. In 2008, Rwanda passed a law that banned the importation and use of polythene bags while possession or smuggling them into the country attracted heavy penalties. In 2014 Rwanda banned alcoholic drinks packaged in plastic bottles saying its decision was informed by the fact that continuous use of the plastic bottles, which contain a potentially carcinogenic element, was dangerous. The mushrooming gin packaging firms import huge volumes of plastics, raising environmental concerns as the material is not degradable.

 

AFRICA, SENEGAL, Country-wide, Ban
Thin plastic shopping bags, and pieces of them, litter this seaside capital and the nearby waters of the Atlantic Ocean. The number of discarded bags is staggering _ a total of 5 million in Senegal, according to Environment Minister Abdoulaye Balde. Now, the government is set to impose a ban, joining a global shift against the bags. (AP Photo/Jane Hahn) (The Associated Press)

 

AFRICA, SOMALILAND, Country-wide, Ban
Somaliland president HE Ahmed Mohamed Mohamud Silanyo has issued presidential degree in which he banned use of plastic in the country due to the side effect it has when it comes to the sanitation of the country.

 

AFRICA, SOUTH AFRICA, Country-wide, Fee
In South Africa, thin plastic bags were banned in 2003. The government set a charge for thicker plastic bags and took a portion of it as a levy to fund environmental projects. Bag use decreased by 90 percent when the measures were first introduced, but consumption has slowly increased since. Retailers charge consumers varying prices near half a rand (50ȼ).

 

AFRICA, TANZANIA, Country-wide, Ban
Tanzanian lawmakers said they are cracking down on the manufacturing of plastic bags in the country, two years after the government banned their use.

 

AFRICA, TUNISIA, Country-wide, Ban
Tunisia introduced a ban on plastic bag distribution in supermarkets starting from 1 March 2017. An agreement was signed between the Ministry of Local Affairs and Environment and large supermarket chains in the country to enact the first phase of a process aiming to reduce the consumption of plastic bags.[37] Tunisian activists are planning awareness campaigns to establish greener policies in the country.[38]

 

AFRICA, UGANDA, Country-wide, Ban
Banned plastic bags, outlawing their import, manufacture and use. A phased ban on the use of plastic bags starting with major retailers on Wednesday April 15, 2015.

 

ASIA, BANGLADESH, Country-wide, Ban
In 2002 Bangladesh created a strict outright ban on plastic bags after discovering stray bags were the cause of the 1988 and 1998 floods that left two-thirds of the country underwaterThis ban made Bangladesh the first nation to ban the use of plastic bags country-wide. The ban has not only reduced the amount of litter, but it has also given rise to a re-birth of the jute industry since many of the reusable bags now used are made from jute which is a natural fiber.

 

ASIA, BHUTAN, Country-wide, Ban
The ban was again reinforced in 2005. The lack of proper alternatives to plastic bags was one of the main reasons. Plastics in the form of pre-packed plastic goods, continued to flood the markets.There were some alternatives, such as using cloth bags and other biodegradable plastic bags, put in place. The ‘Clean Bhutan Initiative’ under the Royal Society for Protection of Nature, with support from various ministries and agencies, was formed to address the issue of solid waste management particularly plastic.

 

ASIA, BURMA, Mandalay, Ban
As of May 21, 2009 merchants are no longer allowed to hand out plastic bags in Mandalay. This trendsetting ban bolstered the environmental movement in the region and neighboring cities quickly followed Mandalay’s lead and passed bans of their own.

 

ASIA, BURMA, Naypyitaw, Ban
Plastic bags were given the boot on October 6, 2009 in Naypyitaw. The ban was part of an environmental campaign and shoppers are urged to use bags made from natural lotus leaves or banana leaves in lieu of plastic bags.

 

ASIA, BURMA, Yangon, Ban
The move comes two years after authorities in Myanmar's central city of Mandalay successfully prohibited polythene bags to protect the environment.

 

ASIA, CHINA, Country-wide, Fee
A total plastic bag ban on ultra thin plastic bags and a fee on plastic bags was introduced in China on June 1, 2008. This came into effect because of the problems with sewerage and general waste. The country now uses over 50% fewer plastic bags saving roughly 40 billion a year.

 

ASIA, HONG KONG, Hong Kong, Fee
The first phase imposed a simple 50-cent charge on shoppers for each plastic carrier bag required. Now different retailers will charge different levies, and unlike shops in the initial phase, retailers included from today will not have to pass the cash on to the government.

 

ASIA, INDIA, Chandigarh, Ban
In October 2009 the city added translucent plastic bags (produce bags) and disposable containers to the list of banned materials.

 

ASIA, INDIA, Delhi, Ban
Plastic bags were banned in the Indian capital of Delhi in 2009. As of this past month, the government has imposed a far more extensive ban, with new rules outlawing plastic wrappers on magazines and greeting cards.

 

ASIA, INDIA, Dharamsala, Ban
Dharamsala was quickly becoming buried under plastic bag litter, so the local government banned merchants from handing out single-use plastic bags. Shoppers are encouraged to bring reusable bags when they shop; however, if they do not stores can give shoppers bags made from discarded paper.

 

ASIA, INDIA, Goa, Ban
Plastic bags less than 20 microns thick are banned.

 

ASIA, INDIA, Himachal Pradesh, Ban
Himachal Pradesh found a ban on plastic shopping bags to be so successful that they extended their ban to cover most disposable plastic products. People who violate the ban can face fines.

 

ASIA, INDIA, Kanyakumari, Ban

 

ASIA, INDIA, Karnataka, Ban
In March this year, the Indian state of Karnataka completely banned the use of plastic across the state. No wholesale dealer, retailer or trader can now use or sell plastic carrier bags, plastic plates, plastic cups, plastic spoons, cling film or anything of the sort. Since the ban came into effect four months ago 39,000kg of illegal plastic has been seized from Bengalaru, the state capital.

 

ASIA, INDIA, Maharashtra, Ban
Plastic bags less than 50 microns in thickness are no longer allowed to be used or sold in the state of Maharashtra

 

ASIA, INDIA, Mumbai, Ban
Bags thinner than 50 microns are not allowed in the city of Mumbai.

 

ASIA, INDIA, Punjab (State), Ban
Ministers in a recent meeting had felt that after imposition of ban on polythene in New Delhi, Himachal Pradesh and Chandigarh, there had been a substantial improvement in the environment. The Council of Minister felt that Punjab should also strictly implement the ban from 1st May 2011 in the larger public interest.

 

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